Research, practice, and theory have complementary and cyclical interactions. When clinical practice creates research questions and knowledge for theory creation, the research directs the practice and grows knowledge, while theory directs research and improves practice (Portney, 2020). Effective nursing practice necessitates applying knowledge and abilities to properly care for patients. Research provides a significant portion of the knowledge needed to make therapeutic choices. The research findings are also utilized to design and enhance procedures that nurses regularly employ (Portney, 2020). The theory is an essential aspect of the research process since it serves as a framework for providing perspective and guiding the study. The theory may also be utilized to drive the research process by producing and testing diverse occurrences (Portney, 2020). At the same time, practice is the foundation for the formation of nursing theory.
The Johns Hopkins Evidence-Based Nursing Model is a robust method of problem-solving in clinical decision-making that includes tools that may be used individually or in groups. It is tailored to the needs of Nurse Practitioners and employs the PET method, which consists of three steps: Practice Question, Evidence, and Translation (Dang et al., 2021). The model’s goal is to guarantee that the most recent research findings and best practices are swiftly and effectively implemented in patient care. It also emphasizes the value of a multidisciplinary team in providing better patient care. Clinical, administrative, and educational decision-making are all aided and informed by it. Clinical choices are based on all available information thanks to a combination of research, organizational competence (including quality improvement), clinical experience, expert opinion, and patient preferences (Dang et al., 2021). It is used to assist in achieving optimal results or similar health care at a lower cost or in less time (Dang et al., 2021). Furthermore, it encourages healthcare practitioners to challenge their practices to establish which interventions work properly.
Dang, D., Dearholt, S. L., Bissett, K., Ascenzi, J., & Whalen, M. (2021). Johns Hopkins evidence-based practice for nurses and healthcare professionals: Model and guidelines. Sigma Theta Tau.
Portney, L. G. (2020). Foundations of clinical research: applications to evidence-based practice. FA Davis.