Due to economic, social, and environmental possibilities, social determinants have a role in disease development. Conditions in the surroundings in which individuals are born live, study, work, and age that impact a variety of health, functional, and quality-of-life outcomes are known as social determinants of health (Grand Canyon University, 2018). Economic stability, education, social and community context, health and health care, neighborhood, and built environment are some characteristics that come from the social determinants of health. A person’s decisions do not influence these variables; rather, they result from their environments, such as their ethnicity, level of poverty, or physical surroundings.
Some people or families are fortunate to have access to health care, education, transportation, and childcare. Contrarily, some struggle with inadequate access to health care, poor living and sanitary conditions, and food scarcity. The consequences of such social determinants may vary in severity. For example, low access to healthcare may cause difficulties in the treatment of infectious diseases such as malaria (Hyde et al., 2021). This disease despite being treatable claims the lives of 405,000 people annually (Hyde et al., 2021). The other example could include the promotion of unhealthy diets that may cause hypertension high cholesterol levels, and obesity. These considerations establish the necessity for the promotion of health equity. Health equity is the achievement of high-quality healthcare for all people, irrespective of their color, ethnicity, social inequities, geographic location, or past or current injustices (Grand Canyon University, 2018). To increase health equality, healthcare practitioners should be aware of social determinants of health and how they affect a person’s health.
The communicable disease chain model illustrates how an infectious disease can spread or be stopped. The pathogen (the infectious agent), reservoir, the portal of exit, method of transmission, portal of entry, and new host are the six distinct linkages that make up the model. Each link in the chain has a distinct purpose and can be broken in a variety of ways. Maintaining basic hand hygiene, covering the mouth when coughing or sneezing, and remaining at home while ill are a few examples of the procedures to take to prevent creating a link in the chain of infectious diseases.
Grand Canyon University. (2018). Community & public health: The future of health care. Web.
Hyde, E., Bonds, M. H., Ihantamalala, F. A., Miller, A. C., Cordier, L. F., Razafinjato, B., Andriambolamanana, H., Randriamanambintsoa, M., Barry, M., Andrianirinarison, J. C., Andriamananjara, M. N., & Garchitorena, A. (2021). Estimating the local spatio‐temporal distribution of malaria from routine health information systems in areas of low health care access and reporting. International Journal of Health Geographics, 20(1).