Physical Exercise for Promotion of Heath and Prevention of Diseases

Topic: Healthcare Research
Words: 709 Pages: 2

Getting regular exercise is very important for a person’s health. Exercise can improve mental performance, help people control their weight, reduce their risk of disease, build stronger bones and muscles, and improve daily functioning. Any amount of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity and less sitting have some favorable health consequences for the person. Few other lifestyle choices have a bigger impact on someone’s health than physical activity does (Koehler & Drenowatz, 2019). Everyone can benefit from physical activity’s health benefits, regardless of age, aptitude, ethnicity, form, or size. Therefore, this essay will explore the advantages of regular exercise in promoting health and preventing diseases, as well as the connection between regular exercise and nutrition in promoting health and preventing diseases.

Aerobic exercise, which regulates breathing to manage the quantity of oxygen that can get to the muscles to support their movement and aid in fuel burning, provides cardiovascular conditioning. Consequently, some of its advantages include bettering cardiovascular health, lowering heart rate, lowering the risk of heart disease, improving lung function, lowering blood pressure, and aiding in weight management. Additionally, skeletal muscle strength, anaerobic endurance, and size can all be increased with resistance exercise. Its advantages include preventing and controlling chronic illnesses like diabetes, obesity, heart disease, depression, arthritis, and back pain. It also manages weight by boosting the muscle-to-fat ratio (Koehler & Drenowatz, 2019). Flexibility offers the body the strength to resist additional physical stress, which helps to preserve health. This lowers the possibility of suffering an injury when exercising. Exercises that increase flexibility help improve alignment, address any imbalances, and lessen the aches and pains brought on by muscular cramping.

Aerobic exercise has two advantages: it helps a person lose weight and improves their heart and endurance. High-intensity interval training is generally safe and effective and can be speedier. Because it boosts the body’s total energy expenditure and causes weight loss, regular exercise helps to avoid obesity. It reduces body fat overall and waist fat, delaying the onset of abdominal obesity. Additionally, exercise improves insulin sensitivity throughout the body and lowers blood glucose levels to assist control of pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes (Koehler & Drenowatz, 2019). Regular exercise helps to avoid hypertension because it strengthens the heart and improves its ability to pump blood. As a result, the power in the arteries weakens, and blood pressure drops. By increasing high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, exercise also lowers the unhealthy, fatty lower-density lipoprotein cholesterol, which prevents hyperlipidemia. High-density lipoprotein levels also rise when you lose weight.

In addition to 2 days of muscle-building exercises per week, people need 150 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise. One hundred fifty minutes per week should be spent engaging in brisk walking or other forms of moderate-power aerobic exercise (Koehler & Drenowatz, 2019). A mix of strong and moderate-level aerobic activity should occur two or more days a week, with strong-power aerobic exercise, such as jogging, taking about 75 minutes per week (Koehler & Drenowatz, 2019). These should be done in conjunction with muscle-building exercises that target all the major muscular groups, such as the legs, arms, hips, shoulders, back, chest, and belly.

Regular exercise and a healthy diet have a positive effect on a person’s life when they are combined. Eating a balanced diet rich in fresh fruit, vegetables, lean protein, and whole grains can help people stay at a healthy weight, lower their risk of developing diseases like diabetes, high cholesterol, and high blood pressure, as well as provide them more energy throughout the day. Exercise aids in the body’s process of burning extra calories that would have been obtained through eating bad foods. This aids in preventing ailments including obesity, high blood pressure, and diabetes (Koehler & Drenowatz, 2019). A healthier lifestyle is linked to greater sleep and happiness in addition to helping prevent excessive weight gain or sustain weight loss. Exercise especially enhances brain function and results.

Therefore, regular exercise improves overall health, fitness, and quality of life. Chronic conditions like type 2 diabetes, heart disease, various malignancies, depression, anxiety, and dementia are also less likely to occur in people. They should engage in physical activity for two or more days a week to prevent chronic illnesses and maintain good health. Healthy dieting accompanied by regular exercise helps to promote health and prevent diseases.


Koehler, K., &Drenowatz, C. (2019). Integrated role of nutrition and physical activity for lifelong health. Nutrients, 11(7), 1437.

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