There are numerous approaches to nursing, as the phenomenon represents a complex network of activities and human qualities that are all centered around providing care to patients. People who get sick and need to be hospitalized always require more than just medical care, as they find themselves in a particularly vulnerable position. Thus, the nurses’ ability to show compassion and comfort those in need has always been highly praised in every society. Currently, person, environment, nursing, and health are the four concepts that are generally perceived to form the cornerstone of nursing and constitute its metaparadigm.
Person as an integral part of the nursing metaparadigm includes a large number of individuals, such as patients, families, communities, and groups. Environment implies both internal and external conditions that may affect the client and influence the treatment process. Health represents a degree of well-being and the general health issues that a patient experiences. Finally, nursing stands for a variety of essential qualities that a nurse demonstrates.
Numerous new approaches have been developed recently that seek to provide new perceptions of the set of crucial concepts in nursing. According to Bender (2018), the nursing discipline aims to skillfully access this dynamic relationality as the basis for action and reflection to produce both positive health trajectories and knowledge that facilitates future action and reflection. Thus, a wide range of additional phenomena may be attributed to the core of the nursing profession. Compassion, collaboration, communication, leadership, and equity are among the most crucial concepts that can help to provide a more precise explanation of the nursing discipline’s essence.
Although all four concepts that form the current nursing metaparadigm have proven to be highly important, there is a clear hierarchy within them. If I were obliged to eliminate one of the concepts, I would choose the environment. Despite the tremendous importance of the environment for the treatment process, it does not directly correspond to nurses’ everyday duties. A substantial part of patients’ and all the taxpayers’ salaries goes directly to hospitals every year. Thus, these institutions are expected to create the appropriate environment for every patient. Therefore, I believe that the environment should no longer be perceived as directly linked to nurses’ performance. Applying such an approach ensures that nurses can enjoy more opportunities to focus on their direct responsibilities.
Compassion is arguably one of the most crucial components of successful nursing activities. This concept has historically been related to providing care for sick people. Moreover, the phenomenon represents the core of every process a nurse is involved in. Thus, it is essential to set up a new type of class for future nurses that allow for the development of an approach that centers around feelings, not solely numerous KPIs. The current perception of nursing has become too formalized and dependent on a wide range of purely bureaucratic rules that, in many cases, diminish the quality of services provided to a patient. Therefore, I firmly believe this concept should be included in the prevailing metaparadigm.
There are multiple perceptions of the current nursing metaparadigm. It has become so instrumental in studying nursing that altering it is considered a complex undertaking. Nevertheless, it is crucial to employ a more pragmatic approach and evaluate the efficiency of each of the four concepts in order to determine the best strategies to enhance the metaparadigm. It should be considered an essential change, as the challenges the national healthcare system currently faces need to be addressed with new ingenious solutions.
Bender, M. (2018). Re‐conceptualizing the nursing metaparadigm: Articulating the philosophical ontology of the nursing discipline that orients inquiry and practice. Nursing inquiry, 25(3), e12243. Web.