Most Common Pulmonary Diseases: An Overview
Asthma. The airways are inflamed all of the time and may spasm, resulting in wheezing and shortness of breath. Asthma symptoms can be triggered by allergies, infections, or pollutants.
COPD stands for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). When a person has this lung ailment, they are unable to exhale as normally as they would, causing breathing difficulties.
Chronic Bronchitis. This kind of COPD causes a persistent wet cough. Emphysema. In this kind of COPD, lung deterioration causes air to become trapped in the lungs. Its defining feature is the inability to blow air out.
Acute bronchitis is a condition in which the lungs become inflamed. A virus is typically to blame for this rapid inflammation of the air.
Cystic fibrosis is a disease that affects the lungs. The patient has problems removing mucus from her bronchi if you have this ailment. This results in recurrent lung infections.
Asthma is a disorder in which the airways constrict and swell, resulting in excess mucus production. This can make breathing difficult, resulting in coughing, whistling (wheezing) on exhalation, and shortness of breath.
Asthma is a mild annoyance for some people. For others, it can be a severe issue that prevents them from going about their everyday lives and can even lead to a life-threatening asthma attack.
Although asthma cannot be cured, its symptoms can be managed. Because asthma symptoms might vary over time, it’s critical to keep track of the signs and symptoms with a doctor and alter the therapy as required (Dharmage, Perret & Custovic, 2019)
Example: Cystic Fibrosis
Cystic fibrosis is a multi-organ illness affecting the lungs and digestive tract in particular. The body produces exceptionally thick, sticky mucus as a result of a faulty gene and its protein product, which clogs the lungs, resulting in life-threatening lung infections; obstructs the pancreas, preventing natural enzymes from assisting the body in the digestion and absorption of food (Bell et al., 2020)
The effects of cystic fibrosis differ from individual to person. Some persons with CF live until they are in their teens, while others live well into their fifties.
Bell, S. C., Mall, M. A., Gutierrez, H., Macek, M., Madge, S., Davies, J. C.,… & Ratjen, F. (2020). The future of cystic fibrosis care: a global perspective. The Lancet Respiratory Medicine, 8(1), 65-124. Web.
Dharmage, S. C., Perret, J. L., & Custovic, A. (2019). Epidemiology of asthma in children and adults. Frontiers in pediatrics, 7, 246., Web.