Examining the health history of a patient is a necessary step toward shaping the outcomes of the intervention toward more positive one and creating a unique framework for meeting the patient’s needs. The case under analysis features two family members, namely, an aunt and a nephew, and a close friend. According to the results of the interviews conducted with the specified audience, their attitudes toward hypokinetic diseases was quite similar, most of them being largely unaware of the subject matter and the issues that it may cause.
Similarities and Differences between the Interviewees
Over the course of collecting the data for the analysis, several overlaps in the data provided by the participants have been noticed. The first similarity of particular significance concerned a noticeable lack of health literacy and the understanding of how personal health should be managed. Specifically, when listing changes in their health status, all of the participants were quite uncertain and made many errors when describing the changes in question, especially in regard to numerical information, such as blood pressure rates. After the introduction of a corresponding question, the participants confessed that none of them used any means of recording their health data. The described change reflects the lack of knowledge concerning the importance of noticing alterations within one’s body and defining the pattern so that the causes of these changes could be accurately identified.
Furthermore, in terms of the clinical nature of the participants’ responses, most of them had hypertension issues. Although most of them had regular weight that did not exceed the norm, either within the BMI standards, or in terms of the correlation between their waist size and the size of other body parts. In the scenario under analysis, the hypertension issue could be attributed to their age and seen as a geriatric health concern since all of the participants were aged 60-67.
Similarities and Differences between the Interviewees and the Interviewer
Examining the responses of the interview participants further, one may notice a certain connection between the responses that they provided and the issues that they shared, several trends in addressing stress and the related concerns appear to be similar to those of the interviewer. Namely, the propensity toward failing to control stress levels due to the tendency to panic in the situations involving high levels of pressure and emotional tension has been spotted. As a result, the inability to address the issues causing stress seems to be a concern among all parties involved. Finally, none of the participants has shown any signs of having an addiction, which is very similar to the situation of the interviewer, who does not drink or smoke, and who has never used substances.
General Definition of Hypokinetic Disease
The phenomenon of hypokinetic disease has been mentioned above when describing the health issues faced by the interview participants. Despite sounding rather unusual, a “hypokinetic disease,” in fact, merely refers to common public health issues, particularly, chronic ones, observed on a global scale. For example, the issue of hypertension as one of the major health problems affecting the world population tremendously, has been rendered as a hypokinetic disease in the interview. Similarly, the problem of obesity, which has proven not to be an issue for the target patients, has been briefly examined in the course of the interview.
General Description of Stress
In turn, the problem of stress has been determined as the common psychological issue that has been affecting all participants involved, including the interviewer. Describing stress from a medical perspective, one should mention the fact that stress implies primarily the presence of emotional and psychological tension (). Serving as the key marker of stress and its essential symptom, tensions the main defining point of stress as a health concern. In the individuals assessed in the course of the interview, stress factors were moderately high, exceeding the norm yet staying within a reasonable rate. Particularly, most of the respondents confessed their propensity to yield to panic and, thus, experience stress under any circumstances that require making a choice.
General Description of Addiction
Finally, the phenomenon of addiction should be rendered as one of the types of hypokinetic diseases. Suggesting that a patient is incapable of managing his or her craving for a specific substance, addiction usually extends to smoking, drinking, and misusing drugs (). As emphasized above, none of the people participating in the interview have developed any addictions, which can be explained by the constant exposure to the idea that any form of addiction is not only detrimental to their health, but also socially reprehensible.
Development, Treatment, and Prevention of Hypokinetic Diseases, Infectious Diseases, Stress, and Addiction
Hypokinetic diseases have a highly varied range of cause, hence a significant variation in how the disorders in question occur in people. Since hypokinetic diseases typically occur as chronic ones, addressing them appear to be significantly less effective than avoiding them altogether before they reach the stage of being chronic concerns. Specifically, following a healthy lifestyle that allows an individual from developing chronic conditions should be regarded as the main strategy in avoiding the development of hypokinetic diseases. Specifically, in the case under analysis, ensuring that the patients retain the elasticity of their blood vessels by promoting the
Similarly, the treatment of hypokinetic diseases varies significantly based on which type of diseases is being managed, incorporating both the medicalized approach and the therapeutic pone. Specifically, to ensure that the crucial health concerns such as Parkinson’s disease are not developed as a person becomes older, one might want to consider the introduction of medications that slow down the deterioration of the brain. As a rule, Levodopa is used to ensure that the patient has enough dopamine to manage conditions such as Parkinson’s disease and Alzheimer’s.
Leading a Healthier Lifestyle
As emphasized above, a change in lifecycle is typically seen as one of the main tools in preventing hypokinetic diseases form developing further and affecting the lives of the target population to an even greater extent. Among the main steps that should be recommended to a patient with a hypokinetic disorder, healthy nutrition should be placed at the top of the recommendations list. Cardinal (2016) explains that most hypokinetic diseases have a syndetic nature, meaning that they represent an aggregation of several health-related problem clusters. Therefore, the treatment to be utilized in managing the problem of a hypokinetic nature must be based on a combined approach and a lifestyle that incorporates several aspects of health management. Specifically, apart from healthy dieting, one must also maintain a proper level of physical activity, which is a considerably difficult task for geriatric patients given the limitations of their age. Nonetheless, with proper guidance form a nursing expert, the challenges caused by hypokinetic diseases are likely to be alleviated.
Cardinal, B. J. (2016). Toward a greater understanding of the syndemic nature of hypokinetic diseases. Journal of Exercise Science & Fitness, 14(2), 54–59.